Phimosis and Forcible Retraction
Messing with the foreskin of a child is like messing with the closed eyes of new-born kittens; it just causes pain, injury, and problems.
Walabio at YouTube, October 14, 2008
The pseudo-diagnosis of "phimosis" (muzzling) is often used as an excuse to circumcise a child or adult. Phimosis is generally defined as the inability to retract the foreskin behind the glans. At birth the foreskin is usually (but not always) fully attached to the glans, and can not retract at all. For that reason:
Do not retract your son's foreskin
or allow anyone else
- doctor, nurse, grandparent or babysitter -
to retract it.
He will retract it himself in his own good time.
When he does is the time to teach him to wash underneath it.
You can download a sheet of stickers with this message in Word (*.doc) format or in .pdf format (which requires Adobe Acrobat Reader ) (with a circumcision refusal form):
The Finnish National Board of Health provided national case records
for the year 1970 for both phimosis and paraphimosis. A total of 409
cases was reported for males 15 years and older,which represents only
2/100ths of 1% (0.023%) of the total male population in that age
group. [In other words, less than 3 in 10,000.] This means that 99.97% did NOT develop a problem. Moreover,
according to Finnish authorities, only a fraction of the reported
cases required surgery - a number too small to reliably estimate.
Edward Wallerstein, Circumcision: An American Health Fallacy p.128
The age at which it "ought" to be able to retract is contentious. Certainly far too many "authorities" have defined such an age based on nothing other than their own prejudice, usually much earlier than the statistical average, one "authority" even saying it must be retractable by the end of the first week of life! Forcing it before it has detached creates a wound that unites the foreskin and glans in a so-called "adhesion" (that the forcing itself was intended to correct). The damage this causes is then often used as an excuse to circumcise.
The inside of a non-retractable foreskin can easily be cleaned by sluicing with water or squeezing the opening shut during urination and allowing it to "balloon". "Ballooning" in childhood is normal, and harmless unless it causes pain.
So at what age should it retract?Be advised:
The anecdotal evidence is that the foreskin can almost always move freely behind the glans by puberty. (When the first retraction coincides with the first adolescent erection, it's a memorable experience!) But a significant number of men never experience full retraction, and have no complaints. One has sent his story with pictures. A Hungarian porn "actor"'s foreskin never retracts. They are shown here.
The educational pages within contain close-up pictures of erect penises.
By entering, you acknowledge that this is what you want to see.
In Mumbai, India, Reddy et al. found "Local steroid therapy is safe and successful in alleviating symptomatic tight foreskin in a large majority of children."
The Beauge Method
Dr Michael Beauge found that when adolescents presented with phimosis (unable to retract a separated foreskin), they had been in the habit of masturbating (if at all) by some other method than pulling the foreskin back. His treatment involves learning to masturbate in the conventional way, which by itself encourages lateral tissue growth of the foreskin. Dr Beauge has treated hundreds of young men successfully this way.
Dr Mark Reiss of Doctors Opposing Circumcision reports:
In August of 2007 I got a phone call and several emails from a distraught
young man in his 20s, in which he complained of phimosis, the degree of
which was affecting his ability to have and maintain an erection and
causing embarrassment in his sex life. He seemed to be profoundly
depressed. Of course all the urologists he saw recommended circumcision,
but he wisely contacted a number of us, who recommended Dr. Michael
Beauge's stretching technique:
I just got the following email from him, which is very gratifying. I
recommend that his experience be cited for similar situations.
Hello, Dr. Reiss
I am the young man who contacted you over a year ago about having
The study I read about Dr. Michel Beauge was incredible and very
profound. Especially his analysis on certain conservative cultural
tendencies toward self-stimulation.
The method that Dr. Beauge implies in his paper worked wonderfully for
I was relieved 110% [sic] of my phimosis and it is absolutely incredible. My
personal life has improved dramatically.
My stance against pre-emptive non-therapeutic circumcision has become
more solidified after having applied the Beauge method.
I just wanted to let you know that anyone who has phimosis should
definetely try the Beauge method.
A young man has posted on Vimeo (after YouTube removed it) "A Field Guide for the Modern [Intact] Male", an artistic version of how he successfully eased his foreskin back.
A mechanical retractor, "the Glansie", is designed for self-treatment of phimosis.
This has had at least one negative review.
An Australian-made device, the Novoglan GFS (Gentle Foreskin Stretcher), involves a tiny balloon that is inflated within the foreskin. It costs $Aust108 (inc GST).
This has has at least one negative review.
The Phimocure is a series of five silicone rings, 18 - 26mm in diameter, each successively larger size to be worn for a week to hold the foreskin open.
A navy surgeon successfully used small artery forceps for 2-3 minutes a day for two weeks.
Kaye et al. describe how skin-grafting is successful where phimosis is combined with frenulum breve.