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...a demon in his penis...
Tico Times San José, Costa Rica
Guanacaste pastor charged with 22 counts of sexual abuse
by Corey Kane
The charges date back to 2007, including one victim who alleged the pastor mutilated him during a circumcision performed to remove a demon in his penis.
The Costa Rican Prosecutor’s Office last week announced criminal charges against a Guanacaste pastor on 22 counts of sexual abuse allegedly involving three adult victims and one minor.
The charges, made public last Wednesday, range over a six year period from 2007 to 2013. The suspect, identified as A. Gutiérrez, was an evangelical pastor at the Iglesia Dios del Evangelio Completo in Santa Cruz, in the northwestern province of Guanacaste.
According to the daily La Nación, the pastor’s defense attorney said his client denied all charges. A spokeswoman for the Prosecutor's Office said Gutierréz could face up to 50 years in prison if found guilty on all counts.
La Nación reported the testimony of one of the alleged victims, a Nicaraguan man who said the relationship with Gutierréz began when he sought private counsel as a member of his congregation. The man alleged that Gutierréz touched his genitals in an act of blessing them 80 times, performed oral sex on him, and circumcised him with a pair of scissors.
“I told him that I wished I had a very large penis,” the alleged victim said, according to La Nación. “The pastor told me that God had revealed to him that I needed to be circumcised to remove the shape that it had. He also said that God had told him that I had a demon in my penis.”
The man also described a medical examination by the Judicial Investigation Police (OIJ): “They did the exam in the OIJ office, [and] the medic told me that what had happened was a mutilation.”
When circumcision can mean death in South Africa
Nearly 80 boys and young men have died this year in South Africa from injuries sustained during ritual circumcision.
This has led to renewed calls for more effective regulation of the so-called “traditional surgeons” who carry out the procedure.
The lure of financial gain has resulted in an increase in illegal initiation schools in rural areas.
BBC Africa’s Nomsa Maseko reports from the Eastern Cape.
UK Human Rights Blog
UK court ducks position on circumcision
by Rosiland English
605islamSS (Malaysia) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 888 - read judgment...
She submitted that to deny her the opportunity of teaching C about her own religious faith was a “flagrant” breach of her right to respect for her private and family life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights and of her right under Article 9 to practise her religion (flagrancy being a base-line requirement for resisting immigration controls). Whilst she acknowledged that circumcision need not violate a child’s rights in the context of loving family relationships and where supported by both parents, the appellant was strongly opposed to the procedure and maintained that it would not be in C’s best interests to return him to Malaysia where his father’s wishes would prevail over her own. She also contended that the tribunal below had failed to consider C’s best interests except in its assessment of proportionality.
The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.
Reasoning behind the judgment
Slavery, capital punishment, racial or gender discrimination and many other practices are also widespread and sanctified by ancient tradition: the obvious riposte is that neither popularity nor antiquity shield such institutions from scrutiny by the Human Rights Convention or other international instruments. It is interesting that no mention was made in this case of the widely-covered German regional court ruling on circumcision, where the court paid particular regard to the fact that circumcision led to the child’s body being “permanently and irreparably changed” and that it could affect his own religious interests later should he decide, for example, not to be a Muslim (see Adam Wagner’s post with its link to the English translation of the ruling). In that case the Cologne Regional Court decided that
The appellant mother in this instant case was, in effect, asking the court to take a position on a doctrinal matter: the centrality of the circumcision procedure to Islamic observance. And it balked at the challenge, because doing so would get it embroiled in the controversy over rival religious practices. Was it right to do so? Yes, because religious experience should be inviolately private and therefore out of place in a public forum. No, because in a case where religion touches on a child’s interests, and the welfare of children is meant to be a paramount consideration, the courts are under a duty to square up to the issue, even if it is normally kept under wraps. If circumcision is one of the sharp demands placed on the child by religious faith, it should be scrutinised with the same rigour as any other practice which affects the interests of the child.
New Vision (Uganda)
Man loses penis in medical circumcision
by Paul Kiwuuwa and Simon Masaba
At 44 years, Patrick Izimba, is a lost man after he lost his penis to a botched male medical circumcision procedure in a private clinic. Izimba is at Mulago Hospital... , where he has endured pain for the past three weeks.
Speaking with teary eyes, Izimba curses the day he read a sign post at the private clinic that offers free male medical circumcision.
“I underwent an operation at Medik Medical Centre Limited in Kawempe,” he says. “Free things are expensive they have cost me a life. I depend on pain relievers. My penis is falling off and requires me to wear a skirt.”
“Pain killers have become my daily bread because if I do not take them, I cannot sleep,” Izimba narrates. Izimba has a catheter connected to his bladder to allow urine to flow out.
He says Dr. Francis Kakooza, an employee with Medik Medical Centre, carried out the operation under the supervision of Dr. Edward Kunoya, the clinic’s director and proprietor. ...
Start of his woes
He recalls that before the surgery, Dr. Kakooza administered an injection which was painful. “I objected to the operation, but Kunonya shouted at me: ‘Be a man, don’t fear.’ Meanwhile, Kunonya sprayed something on my nose that threw me into sudden deep sleep,” Izimba recalls.
He woke up three hours later. “My penis was very stiff and I had lost a lot of blood. They bandaged the penis to prevent further bleeding. ...
“Kunonya transferred me to another room and I was put on a drip. I was weak. They gave me tablets to swallow. I had a sleepless night due to the pain and the penis remained stiff. The following day I reported for dressing in terrible pain, the penis skin became dry and pale,” he says.
On the third day, Izimba’s penis was still stiff; the skin had tuned so dark and began to peel off.
... Dr. Kunonya said: ... “Izimba developed a complication during the recovery period during the dressing when the skin started peeling off. ... Probably Izimba did not use the drugs as instructed. [Blame the victim.] Many patients have undergone operation in the clinic, but they heal within one week,” Kunonya said.
“I suspect they injected certain drugs in the penile vein which blocked the supply of the blood to the penis, rendering the skin dry, causing the rotting,” the medical doctor says. He, however, says there is hope with plastic surgery to reconstruct the penis, to enable him pass urine, but not fulfill his conjugal rights. ... Izimba is married with two wives and seven children. ...
CTV News (Regina, Saskatchewan)
It's hard to find a doctor willing to circumcise
by Dale Hunter
In Regina Saskatchewan, fewer and fewer doctors are willing to circumcise a healthy baby.
Genital mutilation talk 'deterrent'
by Aleisha Orr
The first female genital mutilation case believed to have made it to court in Western Australia may have fallen through but a researcher with expertise in the field says the issue needs to remain in community discussions to act as a deterrent to others.
Curtin University researcher Anne Aly said the fact that charges were initially laid in relation to the matter sent "a very powerful and strong message" to those who may be considering organising the procedure.
A northern suburbs mother and father were alleged to have organised the illegal circumcision of their baby girl in Bali and were arrested at Perth Airport in August 2012.
Their identities were suppressed throughout the matter.
Prosecutors dropped the charges on the grounds that there was not a reasonable prospect of conviction.
The lawyer of the couple who had the charges against them dropped, Hylton Quail told media outside the court on the couple's last appearance "there was never any offence, there was never any medical evidence to support the charge in the first place."
Dr Aly said the dropping of the case did worry her, that the only way for a case to be proven would be once the procedure had already gone ahead.
"How do you prove intention and get enough evidence," she said.
"It unintentionally says you have to go through with the process to prove intention.
"It certainly is a test case for the law."
Dr Aly said rather than sending the message; "don't do it, it is illegal" the focus should be more on the health and welfare of children.
"You have to put children's welfare first, that's a much better deterrent," she said.
Dr Aly said education needed to be a continuous process as the practice was most prevalent within those who had moved here from other countries where it was done as a cultural practice.
"As more migrants and asylum seekers come in they need to be aware of the legal implications and health and psychological affects."
In Victoria the practice has "significantly increased" as a result of a rise in migration and refugee settlement according to the state's health minister who is now calling for federal funding to match state funding to cover support and prevention services.
Female circumcision is performed in some cultures and religions, but is illegal in Australia.
It is illegal to perform, arrange or take a child out of the state for such a procedure.
Its occurrence is believed to be underreported in WA.
Men are not buying it....
Zimbabwe's circumcision drive fails to take off
HARARE, 8 July 2013 (IRIN) - Funds for the male circumcision programme in Zimbabwe are lying idle, as the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare says not enough men are coming forward to use the service, which was launched as part of an HIV-prevention package.
[This is a scandalous waste when Zimbabwe's health system is in such a crisis. Eight women and 100 children die daily from pregnancy/birth complications.]
Following the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), Zimbabwe introduced the male circumcision programme in November 2009. Studies have shown that the practice can help reduce HIV transmission in men by about 60 percent. The government plans to circumcise about 3 million men by the end of 2015, but the target may be overly ambitious, as less than 10 percent of the targeted population has yet been circumcised.
A huge challenge in the promotion of male circumcision is that Zimbabwe is traditionally not a circumcising country. The practice is common among only a few communities in Zimbabwe, particularly the Shangani tribe of Chiredzi, in the Lowveld part of the country.
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights HIV/AIDS manager Tinashe Mundawarara has called for research into the reasons behind the programme’s low uptake.
“If there is that much belief in male circumcision out there, demand would have been overwhelming. Traditional social marketing has failed to push it in the manner it has done in the promotion of condom use,” said Mundawarara.
“We need to talk more as stakeholders. We need to talk more as the Zimbabwean community about these issues because the rates of male circumcision are really low,” said Shomiliana.
Zimbabwe has received about $15 million from the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for voluntary medical circumcision.
5 held for botched circumcision deaths
Johannesburg - Police have arrested five people on suspicion of murder for botched circumcisions, which led to the deaths of about 30 boys in the Eastern Cape, a police spokesperson said on Monday.
Police were also investigating suspected assault, gross bodily harm and unlawful circumcisions that left 300 others injured across the province over the last week, police spokeswoman Sibongile Soci said.
Deaths are mainly caused by blood loss or infection from circumcisions poorly performed by traditional practitioners.
The ANC called the deaths and injuries "tragic" and said the government must act immediately.
"Authorities can no longer pay lip service to dealing with this disaster that afflicts our nation during the traditional initiation season," it said in a statement.
In May, more than 20 youths died in Mpumalanga, prompting rare cross-party calls for reform of the initiation practise.
Circumcision ritual kills 30 tribesmen in South Africa's Eastern Cape
BOTCHED circumcisions killed 30 young men and landed almost 300 more in hospital during traditional initiation rites in a South African province.
The 30 deaths in rural Eastern Cape province occurred during the annual season when young males undergo a rite of passage into manhood.
Ten other youths were hospitalised after being rescued from a forest on Sunday, said provincial health department spokesman Sizwe Kupelo in a statement.
"The ten initiates' private parts are rotten. They are badly damaged. Their condition is scary," he said.
A further 293 young men were undergoing hospital treatment for dehydration, gangrene and septic wounds, Kupelo added. Some had lost their genitals.
Teenagers from ethnic Xhosa, Sotho and Ndebele groups typically spend around a month in secluded bush or mountains areas for their initiation to manhood.
This includes a circumcision as well as lessons on masculine courage and discipline.
Traditional surgeons perform the procedure in the bush, sometimes with unsterilised instruments or lacking in technique.
Botched circumcisions leading to penis amputations and deaths are an annual tragedy.
In May around 34 deaths in two other provinces were reported.
The ruling African National Congress said Sunday it was "distressed" over the latest deaths.
It called for basic medical training of the traditional surgeons to render "an entrenched and necessary part of our cultural fabric" safer.
[So was apartheid once "an entrenched and necessary part of our cultural fabric".]
A 30-year-old man in Guangzhou has been forced to have his penis amputated after experiencing complications following what he believes to have been a botched circumcision operation and subsequent treatment. The dispute has become public after the orthopedic clinic where he was circumcised failed to reach a settlement with the man regarding compensation.>/p?
The man, surnamed Liu, uploaded numerous pictures of his penis on Weibo, seeking help from the public.
Liu went to the Jiahan orthopedic hospital for a circumcision procedure on May 23. After the surgery, Liu experienced an edema or swelling in his penis. The doctor and his assistant told him this was a normal reaction after the surgery.
On June 6, Liu returned to the hospital for microwave radiation treatment and said the radiation light had been placed as close as 30 millimeters to his penis.
On the evening of June 7, Liu found that the tip of his penis had started turning dark, and two days later his entire penis turned black.
"I kept asking the hospital to transfer me to another hospital, but they kept turning me down at first," Liu said, adding that he had missed the optimal time for the problem to be treated.
The hospital, Liu said, not only refused to pay him the US$490,000 he requested in compensation, but also "threatened me and my wife."
Another hospital that performed the surgery to remove Liu's penis said it was not sure whether this would affect Liu's fertility.
Voluntary neo-natal circumcision planned
by Lindani Dube
The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare says plans to introduce neo-natal circumcision on voluntary basis are at consultation and research stage. In an interview recently, the director of Aids and Tuberculosis Unit in the ministry, Dr Owen Mugurungi said the population's approval on the matter was important before its inception.
"Foremost, neonatal circumcision has proven to be more sustainable than the catch up phase as it is possible to circumcise about 200 000 infants a year compared to reaching out to the adult population," said Dr Mugurungi.
He said the benefits of neonatal circumcision out weigh the risks as it is a simpler procedure.
Dr Mugurungi said circumcising neonates makes the condom contraception campaign easier later on as circumcision would have already been done.
He said if the programme was widely accepted training of ideal candidates would begin.
He said the ministry will endevour to reach its target of having circumcised 1,2million males by the year 2015.
Malawi: Kasungu Registers Low Turnout for Male Circumcision
by Steven Chirombo
Blantyre — Kasungu Health Authorities have expressed concern that a few men are undergoing voluntary male circumcision in the district despite studies showing that the intervention reduces HIV transmission by about 60 percent.
District Medical Officer for Kasungu, Dr Sosten Lankhulani told the Malawi News Agency (Mana) that within the past two years, only 400 men have been circumcised in the district against the annual target of 21, 000.
"We are not fairing very well in terms of male circumcision because our target has been to have at least 21, 000 population circumcised every year.
"But in our district only 400 men have undergone circumcision for the past two years," said Lankhulani.
According to Lankhulani, there are a lot of factors that contribute to the low turnout in the district some of which could be wrong messages being propagated and also the perception of some other men regarding the circumcision itself.
"There are misconceptions bordering on culture and the health perspective about circumcision. We are dispatching several messages for example at the hospital where we are doing health education to the people who have come for medical consultation.
"Every morning we send health surveillance assistants to dispatch the messages to the community and we have engaged the chiefs as well as some religious leaders to deliver the message to the community," he said.
He said currently, the health officials in the district are advocating for the male circumcision because they are aware that it reduces the risk of HIV transmission by about 60 percent which according to Lankhulani is a fair percentage looking at the prevalence rate of HIV in the country.
IOL (South Africa)
ECape circumcision situation a 'crisis'
Port Elizabeth - The influx of patients with circumcision-related injuries to Eastern Cape hospitals is a crisis, health MEC Sicelo Gqobana said on Friday.
“He described the situation as a crisis. Overall in the province there are 263 people who are being treated in hospitals for circumcision-related complications,” provincial health spokesman Sizwe Kupelo said.
The MEC visited the Mthatha General and St Barnabas hospitals on Friday to assess initiates who required immediate medical care.
He found many of the boys suffered from dehydration, gangrene, and septic wounds. Some had lost their genitals.
“He is going to make a strong recommendation (to deal with the situation) to the provincial cabinet,” Kupelo said.
“He will also consult the chair of the house of traditional leaders and the MEC for local government.”
Kupelo said the doctors and staff at the hospitals told Gqobana they had been “emotionally affected” by the extent of the injuries.
“The doctors and even the workers require counselling.”
He said the growing number of initiate patients was putting pressure on the hospitals, as the boys had to be given priority over other patients.
The health department concluded that the initiation season had been “hijacked by people motivated by greed”.
Sydney Morning Herald
Female circumcision case in WA dropped
Charges against a Perth couple accused of arranging the illegal genital mutilation of their baby daughter have been dropped after prosecutors said there was no reasonable prospect of conviction.
The couple aged in their 40s, who cannot be named for legal reasons, were alleged to have taken their one-year-old daughter to Bali last year to have her circumcised.
But in Perth's District Court on Thursday, prosecutors discontinued the case.
Female circumcision is commonly practised in some parts of the world but is illegal in Australia.
Woman arrested for illegal circumcision of two young boys
EKSJO, Sweden, July 3 (UPI) -- Swedish police have arrested a 36-year-old woman in connection with the illegal circumcision of two young boys in the town of Eksjo, authorities said.
Police spokesman Goran Gunnarsson told the Swedish news agency TT that police received a call from someone who heard the boys screaming.
The unidentified woman apprehended at the scene is believed to be a relative of the two boys.
Charges against her include suspicion of aggravated assault since it is illegal to perform a circumcision in Sweden without supervision by a medical professional.
The Swedish Parliament passed a law in 2001 requiring a professional to be present at all circumcisions.
The law is not only designed to safeguard against pain but also to help prevent potential infection.
SABC (South Africa)
Hospital running out of beds as botched circumcision patient's rise
The number of initiates who had to be admitted in hospital due to botched circumcisions in the Eastern Cape has now increased to 227.
Earlier on Monday, Health authorities said they were treating 151 initiates. Health spokesperson, Sizwe Kupelo says they are running out of beds and that the department is forced to identify special wards for the badly injured initiates.
The rise in the death toll and the number of serious injuries suffered by initiates in the Eastern Cape has become a matter of concern for the provincial health department.
Mthatha is one of the worst affected areas in the province. Kupelo says they are trying to send qualified nurses and a group of medical professionals into the rural areas to monitor the situation.
He says the majority of the initiates are suffering from septic wounds and some have lost their private parts, which is a matter of grave concern. Kupelo says all these injuries can be prevented with early medical attention.
"We are currently treating 151 boys in various hospitals and our concern is that we are running out of beds. We were forced to identify special wards for the initiates who are badly injured; some of them were certified dead on arrival, and the number of these who died unfortunately is currently sitting at 25."
Eastern Cape Health MEC Sicelo Gqobana will be visiting the hospitalised initiates on Friday.
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